What is gum cancer?

Gum cancer is a kind of oral cancer. The majority of gum malignancies are squamous cell carcinomas, which grow fast on the gum surface, says Dr. Suvadip Chakrabarti, a well-known head and neck cancer surgeon in Kolkata.

Gum cancers in their early stages are frequently curable with surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation therapy. 

Because gum cancer spreads fast, it is easier to cure if it is detected early. Seek immediate medical attention if you develop sores or lumps on your gums or if you detect tooth loosening or changes in the way your dentures fit, says the best head and neck cancer doctor in Kolkata.

What are the signs and symptoms of gum cancer?

Gum cancers may begin as a lump or a sore that does not heal. Other signs of gum cancer include:

  • A lump that does not go away
  • A sore that is white, red, or otherwise discolored that does not heal within 14 days
  • Cracking of the gums
  • Eating difficulties
  • Tooth loosening or ill-fitting dentures
  • Bleeding gums

What are the causes of gum cancer?

A variety of variables enhance the likelihood of acquiring gum cancer. However, not everyone with risk factors will get gum cancer, says the head and neck cancer surgeon in Kolkata. Gum cancer risk factors usually include:

• Being above the age of 45

• Excessive alcohol consumption

• Experiencing continuous mouth discomfort

• Eating a diet deficient in fruits and vegetables

• Being infected with HPV

• Exhibiting poor oral hygiene

• Using tobacco products

What are the possible consequences of gum cancer?

Untreated gum cancer complications can be severe. Some of them can even be fatal. By adhering to the treatment plan that you and your doctor created just for you, you may help reduce your risk of significant problems that gum cancer can cause, says the best head and neck cancer doctor in Kolkata.

Gum cancer complications include the following:

• A reduced capacity to eat, drink or talk

• Missing teeth

• Cancer spreading to surrounding or distant bodily areas, especially lymph nodes

• Cancer reoccurring after treatmentYou may lower your risk of gum cancer by seeing your dentist on a regular basis, avoiding excessive alcohol use, and avoiding tobacco products. The prognosis for gum cancer improves with early detection and treatment, says Dr. Suvadip Chakrabarti, the head and neck cancer surgeon in Kolkata.