Carcinoma Ovary

Everything You Should Know about Ovarian Cancer

Ovarian cancer is a malignancy that develops in the ovaries. The latter is one of the most crucial reproductive organs in females, which produce eggs for fertilization. As stated by the best ovarian cancer specialist in Kolkata, malignancy develops when ovarian cells undergo uncontrolled growth, resulting in tumour formation. There are various types of ovarian cancer, including epithelial ovarian cancer, stromal ovarian cancer and germ cell ovarian cancer, requiring multiple treatment options.

This type of cancer is diagnosed by cancer specialists at advanced stages since the disease produces no early symptoms or signs. It also shows mild symptoms even in the most advanced stages.

Symptoms of Ovarian Cancer

  • Persistent abdominal bloating, swelling and pain
  • Loss of appetite
  • Individuals experience changes in bowel habits, such as constipation or diarrhoea
  • Frequent or urgent need to urinate

Diagnosis of Ovarian Cancer

Imaging tests: These include ultrasound, CT scan and MRI to visualize ovarian abnormalities.

Blood tests: CA-125 levels can be elevated in ovarian cancer.

Biopsy: Removal and examination of ovarian tissue for cancerous cells.

Pelvic examination: Physical examination to check for abnormal masses or swelling.

Laparoscopy: Minimally invasive procedure to inspect the ovaries and collect tissue samples for biopsy.

Surgical Treatment

Surgical oncologists recommend surgical intervention depending on the diagnosis and its stage of presentation. In such surgeries, the best ovarian cancer specialist in Kolkata removes fallopian tubes and ovaries or involves the removal of the uterus, Omentum removal, removal of the lymph nodes and removal of any other organ involved in the disease. Staging is thus followed by debulking surgery, which means removal. Such removal is aimed to leave no stint of tumour.

  • TAH + BSO+ infracolic omentectomy
  • Cytoreductive Surgery (CRS)
  • Interval Cytoreductive surgery
  • HIPEC (Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal chemotherapy)

Robotic Surgery for Ovarian Cancer

Robotic surgery is utilized in the treatment of ovarian cancer primarily for procedures such as hysterectomy (removal of the uterus), oophorectomy (removal of the ovaries) and lymph node dissection. The minimally invasive nature of robotic surgery allows small incisions, less blood loss and a faster recovery compared to open surgery. The most trusted ovarian cancer specialist in Kolkata uses robotic systems to perform precise and intricate procedures, particularly for delicate areas like the pelvis, aiding in the removal of cancerous tissues. Robotic surgery offers patients with ovarian cancer the potential for improved surgical outcomes and a shorter hospital stay.