The consulting doctor will first undergo some physical examination of the patient. These are aimed to check general signs of health, searching for lumps or other unusual growth. Personal health habits, past illness and treatments are also put under scrutiny.
A doctor may opt for five different styles for treatment of Rectal Cancer. These include
a. Surgery: It undertakes the following methods:
- Polypectomy and observation in case of polyps alone.
- Abdominoperineal resection with Total Mesorectal excision (APR) with permanent end colostomy
- Low anterior resection with total mesorectal excision (LAR)
- Surgery in the palliative setting
b. Chemotherapy + Radiaton : Adjuvant or Neo adjuvant setting