Most colorectal cancers start as precancerous polyps in the rectum or colon. These may not have any symptoms in their early days but still can be present in the colon for years. The only good news about it is it can be prevented. Majority of the colorectal cancer cases could be avoided by doing simple things. We are providing tips given by the best rectal cancer doctor in Kolkata, which can lower your risk of colon cancer. Start with two or three and build from there.

Tips for preventing colon and rectal cancer

Getting regular screening tests

It is the best prevention of colon cancer. Early colon cancer is most treatable. It protects you from the disease by finding polyps that can turn into cancer. Most people should start getting a regular screening at the age of 50. People who have a family history of colon cancer or other risk factors are recommended to start testing even younger and more often. Tests like Fecal Occult Blood Test (FOBT)/Fecal Immunochemical Test (FIT), Colonoscopy, Flexible Sigmoidoscopy, Virtual Colonoscopy are done for diagnosing colon cancer.


Maintain a healthy weight

Obesity can be linked to at least 11 types of cancers, including colon cancer. If you have gained weight, your first goal should be to stop gaining more weight. It has many health benefits. After doing that, slowly work to lose some weight.

Don’t smoke

Not smoking is the best thing you can do for your health. Smoking can cause at least 14 types of cancers, including colon cancer. Apart from this, it increases the risk of serious illnesses like stroke, heart disease and emphysema. If you are a smoker, quitting has major benefits.

Be physically active

Being physically active has many health benefits. It decreases the risk of many serious illnesses, including colon cancer. It also gives you a good mental boost. At least 30 minutes of moderate activity every day is essential. You can do things of your choice like dancing, walking, cycling or gardening.


Excessive consumption of red meat like pork, hamburger and steak raises the risk of colon cancer. Processed meats like bacon and sausage increase the risk even more. The best rectum cancer specialist in Kolkata says that fewer animal fats and more vegetables, whole grains and fruits may lower the risk of colorectal cancer.

Get enough calcium and vitamin D

Studies have shown that getting enough vitamin D and calcium can help prevent colon cancer. Aim for 1000 international units (IU) of vitamin D and 1000-1200mg calcium intake per day.

Other important risk factors

By following the above tips, colon cancer can be prevented. But other risk factors are out of our hands, such as a family history of colon cancer, older age, inflammatory bowel disease. If you have colon cancer or feel you are at risk of it, consult the best rectal cancer doctor, Dr. Suvadip Chakrabarti.