Thyroid cancer is a type of cancer that forms in the thyroid gland. Thyroid cancer symptoms can appear gradually. The most common symptom of thyroid cancer is fatigue, says a well-known oncologist in Kolkata

Usually people who are always busy with their work and family may not even notice the symptoms of thyroid cancer if they occur. When a doctor diagnoses an underactive thyroid caused by cancer, it is often a surprise to them.

Thyroid Cancer is More Common in Women

Thyroid disorders are more common in women, most likely due to the different roles of hormones in females and males.

Thyroid growths affect up to 80% of women, but only 5% to 15% of those lumps and bumps are cancerous. But, thyroid tumors are gradually rising and are expected to become the third most common cancer in the world by 2050, says the thyroid cancer doctor in Kolkata.

The words “malignant” and “cancer” are frightening, but most thyroid cancer is highly treatable, even when cancer cells spread to nearby lymph nodes, which happens frequently. Typically, it is a slow-moving disease. If diagnosed early, the survival rate can be up to 98 to 99 percent.

Thyroid Cancer Diagnosis

Suppose a woman notices a lump in the base of her neck or a doctor notices a thyroid growth on an X-ray or CT. In that case, the next diagnostic test is usually an ultrasound, which provides a lot of information on the growth.

Small growths should be monitored closely by doctors. Fine-needle aspiration, in which the doctor gathers a sample of cells from the nodule with a needle and examines them under a microscope, can be used to test larger growths, says the thyroid cancer surgeon in Kolkata.

What are the complications of thyroid cancer?

Most thyroid cancers respond well to treatment and are not fatal. However, your body will require thyroid hormone therapy after thyroid surgery for the rest of your life.

What is the impact of thyroid cancer on pregnancy?

The second most common cancer diagnosed in pregnant women is thyroid cancer (breast cancer is first). Thyroid cancers affect 10% of women during pregnancy or within the first year after giving birth. According to experts, fluctuating hormone levels during pregnancy may contribute to develop this cancer.

If you are diagnosed with thyroid cancer while being pregnant, consult your doctor to know about the treatment options that will be best for you. Depending on the kind and severity of your cancer, your doctor may advise you to postpone treatment until after you have given birth. 
If treatment cannot be delayed, usually most women can safely have the cancerous gland removed through surgery during pregnancy, says the oncologist in Kolkata.