Cervical cancer usually occurs in the cervix cells- mostly in the lower part of the womb (uterus). This cancer affects the deep tissues of the uterus and can spread to other parts of the body – often to the lungs, liver, gallbladder, vagina and rectum.
Most cancers are caused by the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) infection, which can be prevented by vaccination. The HPV virus develops slowly, so it is usually best to treat it before it develops into a serious problem.
Women aged 35 to 44 get affected with this condition more. More than 15% of new cases occur in women over the age of 65. “Especially, women who do not have regular screenings get affected with this condition” – says an eminent Cancer doctor in Kolkata.
What are the underlying causes?
This condition begins with abnormal changes in your cervical tissue. Different types of HPV can cause skin rashes, genital warts and other skin diseases. Others are related to cancer of the vagina, penis, anus, tongue and prostate.
What are the risk factors?
The risk of developing cervical cancer may be:
- You started having sex before the age of 16 or within a year of your period
- When you have several sexual partners
- Taking birth control pills, especially for more than 5 years
- Chain smokers
- Weakness of the immune system
- Sexually Transmitted Infections (STDs)
What are the symptoms of cervical cancer?
You may not feel the symptoms of cervical cancer when it is in the preliminary stage. These may include:
- It hurts to have sex
- Abnormal vaginal bleeding after sex, period, menopause
- Abnormal vaginal discharge Once it has spread
When the cancer is spread already, one will experience
- Pelvic pain
- Difficulty searching
- Swelling of the legs
- Kidney failure
- Bone pain
- Weight loss
- Loss of appetite
When should you consult the best oncologist in Kolkata?
Bleeding is never normal after menopause, so talk to your doctor as soon as possible. Tell your doctor if your treatment is too severe or if bleeding often occurs during periods. In some women, bleeding occurs after sexual intercourse, especially after intense sexual intercourse. When you have it a lot, you may want to let your doctor know. In addition to weakness, if you have vaginal bleeding or if you feel weak or light from the head or pass out, consult an oncologist soon.
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