Surgical treatment: Diverse surgical methods are deployed by a breast cancer surgeon depending on the diagnosis and individual’s likeness.
Lumpectomy: Surgery is applied for removal of the tumor. Small amount of healthy tissues are also removed to avoid spread out. This method is ideal when the tumor is small. It is easy separable from the surrounding tissues.
Mastectomy: Mastectomy in the simple form deals with removal of the lobules, ducts, fatty tissue, nipple, areola, and stint of skin. Radical mastectomy is all about removal of whole breast and the lymph nodes in the armpit.
Breast Conservation Surgery: It refers to removal of the tumor with a cuff of normal breast tissue and removal of lymph nodes by a separate incision. It requires surgical expertise and know how as there are set selection criteria for the same. Not all cases warrant the same. Presence of frozen section helps in minimizing removal of breast tissue thereby minimizing less distortion of affected breast. Patient willingness for adjuvant radiation is vital for success of such procedure.
Sentinel Node Biopsy: This involves removal of first lymph node in the drainage pathway, which is sent for frozen section. If it turns out to be positive then complete axillary nodal clearance.
Axillary Lymph Node dissection: Surgeon may require removal of cancer cells on a node called the sentinel node. This is done in order to prevent the spread of disease.
Reconstruction: Reconstruction is required through breast cancer surgery to recreate the breast so that it looks similar to the other breast as a follow-up of breast surgery. This is done along with mastectomy or the patient may be asked to come at any future date for such follow-up operations. Method of Breast Implant or island of tissue from other part of body can be opted to complete such function.