This type of cancer affects the entrance to the uterus. The cervix is the narrow part of the lower uterus, also called as the neck of the womb. Having sex with multiple partners or becoming sexually active at early age come as precautionary alert for this disease. Bleeding between periods and after sex are the preliminary symptoms. Vaginal discharge with odd smells or tinged with blood, feeling discomfort during sexual intercourse are the other symptoms for this type of cancer. If these symptoms occur, one should consult the best gynae oncologist.
Surgery, Radiotherapy, Chemotherapy or a combination of two or all compose preferred treatment options. However, treatment decision is highly dependent on stage of the disease, patient’s state of health and age too. It is also needless to mention that anearly stage detection bears high potential for success.
- Early stage treatment: Surgery is recommended for treating the cancer confined to the cervix. Radiotherapy may be implemented after surgery when the cancer specialist finds sufficient reasons to believe about the existence of cancer cells. Radiotherapy is also used to reduce the risk of repetition.
- Late stage treatment: Advanced or invasive cancer affects various other parts of the body and thus requires extensive treatment options. Such treatment will comprise radiotherapy or a combination of radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Also the administration of palliative therapy is administered to relieve symptoms and improve quality of life.
Oncology is an ever evolving field of medicine and is matter of research and development. The author per say does not claim the following to be guidelines of practice in oncology. These are part of patient awareness initiative by Dr. Suvadip Chakrabarti MCh (Surgical Oncology), cancer doctor in Kolkata to educate people at large of various options in Oncology. It should not be taken to be practice guidelines.